Right now my diet archnemesis is a pesky ingredient hidden in nearly all the foods we eat—salt. I’ve been tracking what I eat using FitDay, and the one thing I really have trouble with is sodium. The American Heart Association suggests a limit of 2,300 milligrams per day (about 1 teaspoon), but I’m averaging around 3,000 to 3,500 milligrams a day, even though I’m not a salty snack lover or heavy-handed with the salt shaker.
Is it the good palmful of salt in my pasta water? Or the frozen meals I sometimes eat for breakfast and lunch? It just might be. Studies show that 70% to 80% of our sodium comes from processed foods. Yikes! Health experts are calling for more regulation of added salt in processed foods, claiming that the food industry’s voluntary efforts aren’t enough. Cutting sodium intake among Americans could save $18 billion in health-care costs. (Yeah. Billion.)
I’ve always had good blood pressure, but I’m obese, black, and over 40—three important risk factors of high blood pressure. It would be smart if I start cutting it back, ultimately to about 1,500 milligrams a day.
So you can see why The Secret to Skinny: How Salt Makes You Fat and the 4-Week Plan to Drop a Size and Get Healthier With Simple Low-Sodium Swaps by Lyssie Lakatos, RD, and Tammie Lakatos Shames, RD, aka the Nutrition Twins, caught my eye.
Salt can make you fat? I had to ask.
Q: Can you explain how salt makes us fat? That’s something you never hear.
A: Salt does several things that contribute to packing on the pounds. First, salt causes the body to store more fat so it makes your fat cells denser. It also makes you hungrier and thirstier, which both contribute to calorie overload. Salt increases cravings and creates inflammation, which impedes oxygen flow throughout the body and makes it more difficult for fat-burning oxygen to blast fat from your fat stores. Ultimately, this impairs your metabolism.
Q: You write that “less sodium” or “reduced sodium” really doesn’t mean much. What else should we look out for?
A: Most importantly, start reading the nutrition label (or use the lists of foods in our Jumpstart Plan to help you) and pay attention to the amount of sodium in the foods and condiments that you buy. Even take a close look at foods that are known for being “healthy.” These may be good for you in terms of being whole grain and nutrient dense, but they may be high in salt.
If you don’t read labels, you may assume that your whole-grain bread or your chicken breast meat is low in sodium when these products can be quite sodium dense. Also, don’t rely on your taste buds to tell you how much salt is in a food. Foods like cottage cheese may not taste particularly salty but a serving of cottage cheese has two and a half times the salt that a serving of salted nuts has! That’s because the salt is on the surface of the nuts.
Next page: Avoid savory snack-lover depression